The Roman Temple and Camp at Lydney Park Gardens date from the 4th Century.
Many of the ships to oppose the Spanish Armada were constructed at Lydney from the Forest of Dean’s oak trees.
Lydney was the home of Sir William Wintour, who was Admiral of the Fleet of Queen Elizabeth I in 1588.
At its peak, Lydney Dock handled over 2000 vessels and 300,000 tons of coal annually.
An impressive railway bridge used to span the River Severn between Lydney and Sharpness. It was demolished in the 1960s after being severely damaged by two tanker barges.
Locally born Lord (later Viscount) Bledisloe of Lydney served as Governor of New Zealand. His legacy is the Bledisloe Cup, awarded to the winners of the Australia vs New Zealand Rugby Annual Series now held at the Sydney Olympic Stadium.
On a clear day it is possible to see Littleton-on-Severn on the opposite river bank where, in 1885 a 68ft whale beached as the tide turned quickly. Local people where unable to get it back in the water and over 40,000 people came to see it.
In 1954 a Britannia airliner caught fire and crash landed nearby, on the sands of the Severn. It was carrying Dutch airline executives who were hoping to buy the aircraft! (Only one of the thirteen people on board was hurt).